The JAC invites applications for Fee-paid Judge of the First-tier Tribunal and Employment Tribunal in England and Wales
Launch date: 13:00 on Wednesday 20 March 2019
Closing date: 13:00 on Wednesday 3 April 2019
Number of vacancies: 170
Location: Vacancies are available across England, Scotland and Wales
Fee: £501.52 a day except in London where the fee is £519.70 a day. Additionally, the fee for judges sitting in the Estate Agents jurisdiction of the General Regulatory Chamber is £588.58 a day.
You should first consider whether you are ready to apply for this role, and may wish to look at the Am I ready? tools on the JAC website.
Applying for Fee-paid Judge of the First-tier and Employment Tribunals and Deputy District Judge
The JAC is running 2 fee-paid exercises that both open and close for applications on the same day:
- Fee-paid Judge of the First-tier Tribunal (120 vacancies)/Fee-Paid Judge of the Employment Tribunal (50 vacancies)
- Deputy District Judge (150 vacancies)
Candidates can apply for either role or both roles.
The 5 competencies for each role have been aligned as much as possible so candidates can use the same examples for both roles.
The JAC has combined the first part of the qualifying test for these roles.
If applying for both roles, candidates will:
- complete 2 separate applications and can use the same competency examples and independent assessors for both applications
- sit 1 multiple-choice online qualifying test that has been combined for both roles
- sit a separate scenario test for each role if they successfully pass the first online qualifying test
There are 120 vacancies to sit as a Fee-paid Judge of the First-tier Tribunal and 50 vacancies to sit in the Employment Tribunal. The roles are across England and Wales. There are up to 3 posts requiring Welsh Language in the Employment Tribunal. Welsh speakers are welcome but are not essential for Social Entitlement Chamber.
There are 150 vacancies to sit as a Deputy District Judge hearing civil cases. Roles are across England and Wales. Welsh language, including reading and writing, is essential for up to 3 posts that are expected to be located in Wales.
Information about applying for Deputy District Judge
Overview of the First-tier Tribunal
The Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 created a 2-tier tribunal system: a First-tier Tribunal and an Upper Tribunal. The First-tier Tribunal Chambers are:
- Immigration and Asylum
- Social Entitlement
- War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation
- Health, Education and Social Care
- General Regulatory
Each Chamber is headed by a chamber president; overall responsibility for the tribunal system and judiciary rests with the Senior President of Tribunals.
View the Tribunals structure.
Tribunals often sit as panels consisting of a legally qualified chair (the judge) and non-legal members with specific areas of expertise, though certain types of cases or appeals can be presided over by a judge sitting alone. Except in cases that involve national security or evidence of a very personal nature, substantive final hearings in tribunal cases are held in public.
During the hearing the judge must ensure that the overriding objective (to deal with cases fairly and justly) is observed, which will include all parties having the opportunity to participate in proceedings as fully and fairly as possible. Many cases involve individuals putting their own case forward without legal assistance. The judge should therefore help ensure the system is accessible to all by guiding parties through the procedures appropriately.
During the case, the judge and non-legal members can ask questions on any point that needs clarification or which will assist the tribunal in reaching a decision. The judge also decides on all matters of procedure that may arise during a hearing.
Before reaching a decision, the tribunal will consider the evidence and hear submissions from both parties. The tribunal’s decision will then be given either at the hearing, or later in writing. In either case, the parties receive a written decision.
Job description First-tier Tribunal
First-tier Tribunal overview
Terms and Conditions
Judicial pensions information:
1993 Pension Scheme
New Pension Scheme
Overview of the Employment Tribunal
Employment Judges preside over Employment Tribunals, the jurisdiction of which involves a wide range of employment-based disputes or issues involving claims against employers, individuals, trade unions, professional and regulatory bodies.
There are currently more than 90 different causes of action that can be brought to the Employment Tribunal. The most common claims include
- unfair dismissal
- unlawful discrimination on the ground of any of the nine protected characteristics in the Equality Act 2010 such as sex, race or disability
- wrongful dismissal and breach of contract
- unauthorised deductions from wages
- transfer of undertakings
- public interest disclosure (whistleblowing) detriment or dismissal
An Employment Tribunal may consist of an Employment Judge and 2 non-legal members; one from the employee panel and one from the employer panel. Employment Judges can also sit without non-legal members in preliminary hearings and in certain types of claims such as for unfair dismissal. The length of hearings varies considerably.
Employment Tribunal overview
Terms and conditions
Judicial pensions information:
1993 Pension Scheme
New Pension Scheme
Deployment: Location and jurisdiction
There are 50 vacancies in the Employment Tribunal for England and Wales and 120 vacancies in the First-tier Tribunal. The majority of vacancies in the First-tier Tribunal are expected in the Social Entitlement Chamber, Immigration and Asylum Chamber and the Health, Education and Social Care Chamber, with some also expected in the General Regulation Chamber. Whilst vacancies are not currently anticipated in the Tax, Property or War Pensions and Armed Forces Compensation Chambers, requirements could change throughout the course of the selection exercise.
The regions covered by the Social Entitlement Chamber are: Midlands, North West, North East, South East, London, South West, Wales and Scotland.
There are 4 vacancies in Scotland in the Social Entitlement Chamber. For posts in Wales, the ability to conduct hearings in the Welsh language is desirable but not essential.
Hearing Centres for the Immigration and Asylum Chamber are located in: London (Taylor House, Hatton Cross), Wales (Newport), Birmingham, Bradford, Manchester, North Shields, Scotland (Glasgow) and Belfast.
Currently there are 3 vacancies in Scotland in the Immigration and Asylum Chamber. Some Judges in Scotland occasionally cover work in Northern Ireland.
Judges assigned to the General Regulatory Chamber sit throughout venues in England and Wales. While the General Regulatory Chamber has particular need of environmental lawyers, lawyers practising in other specialist areas should not be discouraged from applying for the generic positions in the First-tier Tribunal or for posts in the Employment Tribunal.
In the Health, Education and Social Care Chamber, work in the Mental Health jurisdiction is in venues throughout England usually at the hospital at which the patient is detained. Special Educational Needs and Disability, Care Standards and Primary Health Lists hearings take place at a variety of HMCTS hearing centres.
Employment Tribunal vacancies arise in all regions in England and Wales and successful candidates will be assigned to a particular region after discussion with the President of Employment Tribunals for England and Wales. Welsh language is required for up to 3 vacancies in the Employment Tribunal.
If you are already a judge of the First-tier Tribunal, it is not necessary for you to apply through this competition in order to seek further or alternative assignments to other chambers of the First-tier Tribunal. The Senior President of Tribunal’s Assignment Policy enables cross-assignment outside a JAC recruitment campaign. Any existing fee-paid First-tier Tribunal judge wishing to be assigned to another chamber should contact the Chamber President. All assignments are subject to business needs.
This exercise is for appointment to the First-tier Tribunal and the Employment Tribunal for England and Wales. Candidates can choose to apply for either or both appointments. Those who apply and are successful in obtaining both appointments will be expected to make themselves available for the minimum number of sitting days for both tribunals, that is at least 30 days for the First-tier Tribunal and at least 30 days for the Employment Tribunal.
Successful candidates should be flexible and be willing to travel to various hearing venues as and when required to meet business need. These locations will be, as far as possible, near to candidates' homes and offices but on occasion they may be required to sit further afield.
If any applicant recommended for appointment has a conflict of interest which would prevent them sitting in a particular chamber of the First-tier Tribunal (for example, due to the nature of their current employment), this will be considered at assignment stage. Any decisions on assignment to a particular chamber will be agreed with the relevant senior judge or Chamber President.
Final deployment decisions will be a matter for the Chamber Presidents. It may not always be possible to deploy successful candidates in line with their preferences, depending on business need. Candidates may, therefore, be deployed to any of the Chambers/locations. In circumstances where the preferences of candidates do not match requirements/specialisms, the Chamber Presidents will take account of the order of merit to give those who are most meritorious priority of assignment to a Chamber/location.
Candidates appointed to the First-tier Tribunal may be assigned to any First-tier Chamber throughout the course of their First-tier Tribunal appointment.
Reading about candidates previously selected for this role is a useful way of finding out more about the skills needed. Please read the case studies of Faridah Eden and Hazel Oliver.
Statutory eligibility criteria for the First-tier Tribunals for England and Wales
Judges of the First-tier Tribunal are appointed by the Senior President of Tribunals under paragraph 1(1) of Schedule 2 to the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007, as amended by paragraph 42(2) of Schedule 13 to the Crime and Courts Act 2013.
To be eligible for appointment as a Judge of the First-tier Tribunal, you must meet the following requirements:
Under paragraph 1 of Schedule 2 to the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 a person is eligible for appointment as a Judge of the First-tier Tribunal if the person:
(a) satisfies the judicial-appointment eligibility condition on a 5-year basis
(b) is an advocate or solicitor in Scotland of at least 5 years standing
(c) is a barrister or solicitor in Northern Ireland of at least 5 years standing, or
(d) in the SPT’s opinion, has gained experience in law which makes the person as suitable for appointment as if the person satisfied any of paragraphs (a) to (c).
In terms of (a) above, the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 introduced the judicial-appointment eligibility condition which requires that a person has held a relevant qualification, for the requisite period, during which time they have gained experience in law as set out in section 52(2) to (5) of the act.
A person has a relevant qualification if the person is a solicitor or barrister in England and Wales or a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Legal executives.
Statutory eligibility criteria for the Employment Tribunal for England and Wales
Under Regulation 8(2)(a) of the Employment Tribunals (Constitution and Rules of Procedure) Regulations 2013, there shall be a panel of chairmen of Employment Tribunals (England and Wales) (referred to as “Employment Judges”) who satisfy the criteria set out in regulation 5(2) and are appointed by the appointing office holder (the Lord Chancellor)
Regulation 5(2) states:
(a) a person who satisfies the judicial-appointment eligibility condition within the meaning of section 50 of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 on a 5-year basis
(b) an advocate or solicitor admitted in Scotland of at least 5 years standing or
(c) a member of the Bar of Northern Ireland or a solicitor of the Supreme Court of Northern Ireland of at least 5 years standing
In terms of (a) above, the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 introduced the judicial-appointment eligibility condition which requires that a person has held a relevant qualification, for the requisite period, during which time they have gained experience in law as set out in section 52(2) to (5) of the Act.
A person has a relevant qualification if the person is a solicitor or barrister in England and Wales or a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Legal executives.
Additional selection criteria
Candidates for posts in Wales need to have an understanding, or the ability to acquire the understanding, of the administration of justice in Wales, including legislation applicable to Wales and Welsh devolution arrangements.
Welsh speaking posts
Welsh language, including the ability to read and write in Welsh, is required for up to 3 posts in the Employment Tribunal. Welsh speakers are welcome but are not essential for Social Entitlement Chamber. These posts require both an understanding, or the ability to acquire the understanding, of the administration of justice in Wales (including legislation applicable to Wales and Welsh devolution arrangements) and the ability to speak Welsh.
The Welsh speaking element will not be tested at selection day but will be conducted over the telephone with a Welsh speaking judge and one other panel member. The telephone assessment will consist of the judge asking up to two questions which require a response in Welsh; the assessment will take no longer than 10 to 15 minutes.
Telephone assessments on the Welsh speaking element are likely to take place in the week commencing 30 September 2019.
The JAC does not have any information pertaining to the jurisdictions of these posts. This will be a matter for deployment which is overseen by Judicial Office.
Reasonable length of service
There is no upper or lower age limit for candidates for either post apart from the statutory retirement age of 70. However, the age at which someone is appointed as a First-tier Tribunal Judge or Employment Judge should allow for a reasonable length of service, usually of 4 years before retirement.
The JAC will decide whether a candidate will be able to provide a reasonable length of service.
Candidates who already hold judicial appointment and were first appointed before March 1995, may have a preserved retirement age of 72. This includes candidates first appointed to a judicial office listed in Schedule 7 to the Judicial Pensions and Retirement Act 1993. Such candidates should inform the JAC about their retirement age.
At the time of application, candidates must be either a:
- UK citizen
- citizen of another Commonwealth country
- citizen of the Republic of Ireland
Other European Union citizens are not eligible to apply.
Open for applications: 13:00 on Wednesday 20 March 2019
Close for applications: 13:00 on Wednesday 3 April 2019
Qualifying test instructions issued via email: Wednesday 17 April 2019
Online qualifying test: 07:00 to 21:00 on Wednesday 24 April 2019
Outcome of online qualifying test issued: late May 2019. The JAC will publish the online qualifying test feedback report during August 2019.
Scenario test instructions issued via email: Thursday 30 May 2019
Online Scenario test: 07:00 to 21:00 on Thursday 06 June 2019
Eligibility checks being conducted: July 2019
Outcome of Scenario test issued and request for candidates to complete Part 2 of their application: end July 2019
Deadline for the submission of Part 2 of the application: early August 2019
Request for independent assessments: August 2019
Formal selection day invitation issued: by 30 August 2019
Selection days: 9 September to 18 October 2019
Character checks being conducted: November to December 2019
Statutory consultation comments sought: November to December 2019
Outcome of selection process expected by: end of February 2020
Read the competency framework for the role and the job description before making your application. There are 5 competencies in total that list the behaviours of Fee-paid Judges of the First-tier Tribunal and Fee-paid Judges of the Employment Tribunal who are performing their roles effectively.
Completing your application
This competition will open for applications at 13:00 on Wednesday 20 March 2019, closing at 13:00 on Wednesday 3 April 2019.
In the interest of fairness to all candidates, late applications will not be accepted unless agreed with the selection exercise manager in advance of the application deadline and will only be considered due to exceptional circumstances.
Applications must be submitted on the JAC’s online application system which will be accessible by selecting the ‘Apply’ button on the selection exercise homepage once the exercise launches. After selecting ‘Apply’ select ‘log in to an existing account’ if you already have an account. If you do not already have an account select ‘Create new account’. Complete all the required sections, ensuring the information you provide is clear and accurate.
Your online application plays an important part in the selection process. You must complete all required sections, ensuring the information you provide is clear and accurate.
The self-assessment section of the application is your opportunity to tell us about the experience and knowledge you have for the post. You must provide examples and evidence of why you feel your skills and experience are transferable to the post and why they will enable you to perform effectively in the role. You should link your examples to the competencies required for the post having regard to the job description. The self-assessment should not simply be a reiteration of your career history.
Guidance on completing the candidate self-assessment and choosing the best examples in your self-assessment
Read the guidance about independent assessments before completing your application. Independent assessments will contribute to your overall assessment. They should provide evidence that you have the abilities relevant to the role as outlined in the relevant competency framework.
When asked to provide details of your independent assessors you will see 4 boxes for the assessor details. However, you must give details of 2 assessors only. If you provide more than two we will only approach the first 2 listed.
Independent assessments should provide evidence that you have the competencies relevant to the role. Both of your assessors must, therefore, have sound and comprehensive knowledge of your work and one of your assessors should, ideally, be from your current employment. Depending on whether you already hold judicial office or not will determine the category or categories of assessors you must nominate as follows:
If you are a salaried judicial office holder, you will need to provide details of 2 judicial assessors. You should also discuss your application with your Leadership Judge.
If you are a fee-paid judicial office holder, you will need to provide details of one judicial assessor and one professional assessor.
If you do not currently hold a judicial office, you will need to provide details of two professional assessors.
A professional assessor could be:
- a senior partner or head of chambers if you are a solicitor, barrister, attorney or Fellow of CILEx
- a client, magistrate or local authority official if you are a sole practitioner
- a line manager if you are from a non-legal background; if there is no line manager, then a former colleague or client
- a judge who is able to provide an assessment of your professional role
If you are a judicial office holder, a judicial assessor could be:
- the senior judge of the tribunal, court, jurisdiction or circuit where you sit most often or your appraising judge
- the Lord Justice Clerk
You must ensure all of the details (name, title and email address) are correct for both of your assessors. All correspondence with your assessors will be by email; it is important that the information you provide is correct to avoid any delay in the JAC being able to contact your nominated assessors.
If you are applying for appointment to the First-tier Tribunal do not nominate the Senior President of Tribunals and if you are applying for appointment to the Employment Tribunal do not nominate the Lord Chancellor as they are the Appropriate Authorities for the specified posts. Whichever appointment you are applying for do not nominate Lord Justice Lindblom as he is the statutory consultee for this exercise, nor should you nominate a JAC Commissioner.
If you have any queries about who to nominate as your independent assessors please contact the JAC.
In terms of the First-tier Tribunal, as previously stated, assignments as a result of this competition are expected to be across 4 out of the 7 chambers. However, as business requirements may change throughout the exercise for appointment in the First-tier Tribunal you are required to rank all chambers in order of preference on your application; 1 being your preferred choice and 7 being your least preferred.
While the Chamber Presidents (as supported by the Judicial Office) will do their best to assign successful candidates in line with their preferences, it may not always be possible to do so depending on business need. You may, therefore, be assigned to any of the 7 First-tier Tribunal chambers. In circumstances where the preferences of candidates do not match vacancy requirements, the Chamber Presidents may take account of the order of merit to give those who are most meritorious priority of assignment to their preferred chamber.
Stage 1: Online qualifying test
All applicants will receive qualifying test instructions plus preparation material by email on Wednesday 17 April 2019. If you do not receive this email by 17:00 on Wednesday 17 April 2019 please contact the JAC immediately.
All applicants will be invited to participate in an online qualifying test on Wednesday 24 April 2019 from 07:00 to 21:00.
Stage 2: Online scenario test
If you are successful in the online qualifying test stage 1 (above) you will be invited to sit an online scenario test.
Applicants who are successful following the stage 1, online qualifying test will receive online scenario test instructions by email on Thursday 30 May 2019. If you do not receive this email by 17:00 on Thursday 30 May 2019 please contact the JAC immediately.
Applicants will be invited to participate in an online scenario test on Thursday 06 June 2019 from 07:00 to 21:00.
If you are unable to sit the test on the date specified above due to exceptional circumstances or because it is a religious holiday, please email FtT_ET114@judicialappointments.gov.uk and we will arrange for you take the test on a later date (which will fall no more than a week after the original date).
All candidates should make the necessary arrangements to sit the test in a suitable and quiet environment ensuring consistent and reliable access to a stable internet connection.
Information about qualifying tests.
Following the shortlisting stages in this exercise, the JAC will produce a feedback report analysing how candidates performed overall. This report will also include information on the method of marking, including guidance and information on the distribution of marks available to applicants.
This report will be published on the JAC website in August 2019. The JAC cannot provide bespoke feedback for individual candidates at the shortlisting stages; please do not make a request as exceptions are not made.
Stage 3: Selection day
If you are successful in the stage 2, online scenario stage you will be invited to a selection day which will take place between:
- 9 to 13 September 2019
- 30 September to 4 October 2019
- 14 to 18 October 2019
We will not be able to offer an alternative selection day outside these periods.
The selection days will take place in London and Birmingham; you will be asked to indicate your preferred selection day location and your availability in Part 2 of the application form. Where possible we will take into account your preference. However, due to the number of candidates involved, we cannot guarantee that you will be offered a selection day at your preferred location.
The selection day will comprise of one role play followed by a competency-based interview. The panel will be seeking evidence from you against the competencies for the post. Further details will be sent with the formal invitation to attend which you will receive by 30 August 2019. If you have not received an email by midday on 02 September 2019 please contact the JAC immediately.
Candidates applying for posts in Wales will be asked some additional questions at selection day relating to Welsh matters. This is to allow the panel to assess your understanding, or the ability to acquire the understanding, of the administration of justice in Wales, including legislation applicable to Wales and Welsh devolution arrangements. If you are considered unsuitable for the Welsh posts, this will not affect your suitability for posts in England and Scotland.
Please note that the Welsh speaking element will be tested outside of your selection day over the telephone. Telephone assessment dates are to likely to take place in the week commencing 30 September 2019.
More information about selection day, including interviews and role plays
As required by the Judicial Appointments Regulations 2013, the JAC is required to consult a person (other than the Appropriate Authority) who has held the office we are selecting for, or who has other relevant experience. In this exercise the JAC will consult with Lord Justice Lindblom. The information provided by the statutory consultee will be used to inform selection decisions.
For posts in Scotland, the JAC will also consult with the Lord President for Scottish appointments before recommendation.
Information on statutory consultation
The JAC provides reasonable adjustments to ensure candidates with a disability are not placed at a disadvantage. We will also consider making reasonable adjustments for those candidates with a short-term injury or temporary illness. You may request a reasonable adjustment in your application.
Information on the reasonable adjustments policy
The JAC is required to select people who are of good character and you are therefore advised to read the Good Character Guidance to assist you to determine whether there is anything in your past conduct, or present circumstances, that would affect your application for judicial appointment.
As part of its assessment, the JAC carries out independent character checks which require your signed consent. All candidates shortlisted for selection day will be requested to complete a consent form which will be included in Part 2 of your application form.
Anything brought to the JAC’s attention through its independent checks not disclosed by you will be treated as a non-declaration. Failure to disclose any relevant matter is likely to have an adverse effect on your application. It is your responsibility to ensure that any record concerning your character is accurate and you may wish to contact your professional body to ensure all matters recorded are known to you.
The Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974 (Exceptions) Order 1975 (Amendment) (England and Wales) Order 2016 allows for the full disclosure to the JAC of all spent cautions and convictions to assess good character. You must therefore declare and disclose all past convictions and cautions, regardless of whether they are spent or unspent.
You should also consider whether any matter you have declared is likely to have an adverse effect on your application and provide details of any extenuating circumstances for the Selection and Character Committee (SCC) to consider in departing from the usual position as set out with the Good Character Guidance. You will have no opportunity to make further representations on any declared issue once the matter is before the SCC.
It is your continuing responsibility to disclose any matter that may arise throughout the selection process, up to the point of appointment. If you need to provide the JAC with an update to your character profile after submitting your application form, please email FtT_ET114@judicialappointments.gov.uk
Equal merit provision
In line with its published policy, the Commission will apply the equal merit provision to this exercise.
The relevant datasets that will be used to identify any under-representation are taken from the 2011 Census, detailed characteristics, England and Wales (ONS 2012) and the diversity statistics showing the background of the courts judiciary (as of 1 April 2018), based upon primary appointment, as published on the Judiciary website.
According to the most recent census data, 50.4% of the usual residents of the United Kingdom aged 25 to 74 are women and 11.3% identify as being from a Black, Asian or Ethnic Minority (BAME) background. As of 2018, 47% of First-tier Tribunal judges identify as women, and 11% identify as being from a BAME background. The proportion of Employment Tribunal Judges that identify as women is 42% and 7% identify as being from a BAME background.
The Commission sitting as the Selection and Character Committee will consider which candidates to recommend to the Appropriate Authority as set out in the Judicial Appointments Regulations 2013.
In order to consider a recommendation, the Appropriate Authority may request any information that was available to the JAC in making its recommendation. You should be aware that any information you provide in your application or during the selection process could be passed onto the Appropriate Authority.
For this exercise the Appropriate Authority will be the Senior President of Tribunals for the First-tier Tribunal posts and the Lord Chancellor for the Employment Tribunal posts.
The Appropriate Authority can accept or reject a recommendation or ask the Commission to reconsider but may not select an alternative candidate.
For posts in Scotland the Senior President of Tribunals must consult with Scottish Ministers before appointment decisions.
Outcome of the exercise
The JAC will issue results by email to all those interviewed at the same time. We hope this will be by the end of February 2020.
If you are not successful following the selection day, you can request written feedback. You should make this request within 6 weeks of the email informing you that you have not been successful. We will aim to respond to your request within 20 working days.
Residential Induction training (up to 4 days) will take place:
- 20 April to 1 May 2020
- 11 May to 22 May 2020
- 1 June to 12 June 2020
Candidates must ensure that they are available to attend training during this period. Successful candidates will be advised of the exact dates and location of their training towards the final stages of the recruitment campaign.
In addition, candidates will be required to undertake observations and mentored sittings in line with the requirements for the jurisdiction to which they are appointed.
Judicial office holders with no prior judicial experience, will be required to attend a 2-day residential Judicial College Faculty induction seminar, within 12 months of starting to sit.
Do you have a concern about a panel member's ability to assess you objectively?
If so please let us know in Part 2 of your application form.
Please refer to the panel conflict document when considering any conflict.
If you have any questions about this role or your application, contact: FtT_ET114@judicialappointments.gov.uk
Shanaz Ehsan: Selection Exercise Manager, 020 3334 4716
Arti Sherry: Selection Exercise Team, 020 3334 0388
Rachel Billingham: Senior Selection Exercise Manager