The JAC is responsible for running selection exercises for posts up to and including the High Court.
It is also asked to convene panels that recommend candidates for appointment to other senior posts such as:
Senior selection panels must comprise 5 members. Current office holders are disqualified from sitting on panels to identify their successors.
Selection panels will assess candidates against published competency frameworks, eligibility and good character criteria.
Those making nominations to a selection panel must have regard (alongside other relevant considerations) to the fact that it is desirable that the panel should include:
- both women and men
- members drawn from a range of different racial groups (as defined by the Equality Act 2010)
While senior appointment selection panels are required to determine their own processes, selection exercises may include:
- an application
- non-statutory consultation (seeking feedback on candidates from the senior judiciary and others)
- a sift
- selection interviews
Consultation also takes place at certain stages with the Lord Chancellor and others determined by the selection panel.
UK Supreme Court
The President and members of the UK Supreme Court are selected under a separate process set out in the Constitutional Reform Act 2005.
To select the President, the JAC provides either the chair or one member of the 5-person selection panel. The chair is filled in rotation with the Northern Ireland Judicial Appointments Commission (NIJAC) and the Judicial Appointments Board for Scotland (JABS).
For judges of the Supreme Court, the JAC provides one member of the 5-person panel, as do NIJAC and JABS.
In most instances, the JAC representative on the above panels will be a non-legally qualified person.