The Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC) is an independent body that selects candidates for judicial office in courts and tribunals in England and Wales, and for some tribunals with UK-wide jurisdiction.
Candidates are selected on merit, through fair and open competition.
The JAC is committed to attracting applicants from as wide a field as possible and works closely with a range of organisations to promote vacancies to eligible candidates.
Candidates are recommended for offices such as the High Court, Upper Tribunals and all others listed in Schedule 14 of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (CRA), as amended by the Crime and Courts Act 2013.
The JAC does not select magistrates or judicial office-holders for the UK Supreme Court.
The JAC is also involved in the selection of the Lord Chief Justice, Heads of Division, Lords Justices of Appeal and the Senior President of Tribunals.
The JAC convenes a selection panel which determines the selection process and makes a recommendation.
More about senior roles
The selection exercise programme is developed with the Ministry of Justice (MoJ) and Her Majesty’s Courts and Tribunals Service (HMCTS).
Candidates can be selected for immediate appointment or identified for future appointments.
One candidate is selected for each vacancy, providing there are sufficient numbers of selectable candidates available. Candidates are then recommended to the Appropriate Authority (Lord Chancellor, Lord Chief Justice or Senior President of Tribunals).
The Appropriate Authority can accept or reject a recommendation, or ask the Commission to reconsider it. If he or she does not accept a recommendation, written reasons must be provided to the JAC.
More about the selection process